2. One set of black and white beads. 1 through 5 beads are black and from 6 beads on white bead is added for each number. For instance, 7 has five black beads and two white beads and 9 has five black beads and four white beads.
3. A quantity of golden bead bars. ( The initial presentation has 5 golden beads.)
4. A notched cardboard or plastic counter. Mat or felt cloth to work on.
5. A tray
2. Place the golden beads side by side in orderly manner.
2. Count the bead bars with counter moving from left to right. Count until ten beads have been counted. Leave the marker in place at the point where ten beads have been counted.
3. Take a ten bead and place it next to the colored bead bars.
4. Count the remaining beads in the bead bar, such as if a bar of 7 was counted first and bar of 5 second, thus 7 and 3 of the 5 would make 10. The remainder would be 2. Select the black bead of 2 from the black and white bead stair and place it at the end of the 10 bar. Remove the colored bead bars, 7 and 5 and return them in the box.
5. Starting from the black bead of 2, count the beads until 10 is reached. Place a 10 bar next to it, count the remainder, place the appropriate black and white bead bar and remove the colored bead bars.
6. Continue in this manner until all the colored bead bars are replaced by golden bead bars. (For the initial presentation, there will be five golden beads and a black head.)
2. Continue until all tens are made by combining colored bead bars.
2. Building the stair with the black and white beads.
3. Seeing the pattern of the black and white beads.
4. Counting with the marker.
5. Watching the golden snake grow.
6. Seeing the golden snake with the black head.
7. Noting the various steps it takes to perform this exercise.
8. The pattern of the verification.
9. The triangle formed by the black and white bead stair.
2. Preparation for multiplication and division.
3. Practice in addition.
4. Learning combinations of numbers that make 10.